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小易欧巴告诉你菜鸟怎么在美国租房

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 楼主| 发表于 2016-1-27 11:14:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
在住宅的价值观念上,美国和中国有所不同:美国有钱人都远离市区,而住在市中心的往往都是穷人,而中国越往市中心房价越贵;美国影响房价的高低的因素首先是所处的环境,其次才是房子的质量和面积的大小,而中国是将质量和面积放在了前面。

美国住宅分得很细,分为CONDO、APARTMENT、STUDIO和HOUSE。

CONDO、APARTMENT和STUDIO等是公寓类住宅,分别为高级公寓、普通公寓和合体一居,在城市中为高层高密度,在郊区则为低层低密度,这一点和我国目前的住宅模式很相近,所不同的是,美国由于地大人少,交通便捷,加之散居的生活习惯,有相当数量的人是住在郊区低层低密度公寓,甚至HOUSE里,不象我们更多在市区的高密度住宅中聚居。

HOUSE相当于别墅类住宅,一般分为SINGLE FAMILY HOUSE、TWO FAMILY HOUSE、TOWNHO。
House是大房子,独立的别墅
Apertment是公寓,单元房。有几个bedroom。
studio是起居室和bedroom合在一起的房子
价格是house租金最贵


在美国租房的途径主要有两个:一是通过报上刊登的房屋出租广告,打电话同房东或其代理人联系;二是到住宅区转转,看到门前插有“有房出租”牌子的地方停下来,找管理该房屋的经理直接谈租金等条件。


2条个人建议
1。建议还没有去美国的朋友 先联系你们学校的 cssa ,加入他们的maillist.这样随时知道是否有多余的房子出租,同时由于是中国人,一切都很好交流。

2。房租:在国内不需要签合同,当然你有认识的人代签也是可以的。签合同的时候通常交一个月的房租,一个月的deposit,后者不是押金,在你搬离时,如果公寓内有损坏(不仅仅是自己的bedroom),房东可以酌情减去你的deposit,所以公共的东西大家要一起爱护。
另外,不同地区的房租不一样,学校里的最贵,学校附近的就要便宜些,如果离学校有个3、5 mile的。
私人的房子里通常带得东东:
厨房:灶台、微波炉(不能肯定)、冰箱、水斗、柜子;
卧室:通常家徒四壁,但是前任室友可能会留下些什么。
卫生间:浴缸、洗脸池等到是都齐全的。
提醒:美国的电压是110v,国内的电器带过来用必须加个电压转换器。鉴于现在很多电器都是宽压的(比如110v~240v,这个可以在电器上找),就没有必要带个很沉的电压转换器了。有些人会问电饭煲的事,其实电饭煲walmart有卖,也不贵。另外,微波炉、煤气也能做饭,所以没有必要带个过来。

理论上说,电话、网络、电、煤气都要申请,但是你租的那间公寓,可能已经有人住了,所以有些东西已经申请,你要做的就是和室友商量后,一部分过户到你名下(等有了ssn)。因为,这些费用加起来还是蛮大的。另外,有些房租里已包括气费等,具体情况具体分析了。很多房子,没有人住,也不太会拉电,断煤气,但是依然有人来抄表,房东肯定会在你签lease时和你交待,并不会为你负责任,所以拿到ssn能开户、过户的就不要拖了。

一个关于英语跟对方交流的相关信息
一. Situational Dialogue
1. Hello. This is Jason Lee. I've seen your advertisement in the newspaper. And I'm interested in the apartment you advertised. Could I ask some questions about it?.
2. According to the ad., it's a one-bedroom apartment. I want to know if there is parking space for the tenant(承租人).
3. Yes. The tenant has his parking space in front of the building.
4. Are pets allowed in the building?
5. Yes, they are.
6. Okay. How much is the rent?
7. It's very reasonable. $500 per month. And why don't you come and see the apartment yourself? It's located downtown. I'm sure you'll love it.
8. (some day later, in the apartment)This is the bedroom I mentioned. You can get all these furniture and the microwave and the toaster in the kitchen.
9. Well, everything looks great. When should the rent be paid?
10. It's due at the end of the month. But you must pay the first month's rent in advance as the security deposit(押金、保证金).
11. OK. Do I have to sign a lease(租约) for the apartment?
12. Yes. You can choose a six-month or a one-year lease.

二. Conversations
1. 询问租房信息
(1) J=Jenny  L=Landlord
J: Do you have an apartment to rent?
L: Yes, we do. Ours are deluxe[d?'l^ks](华丽的、豪华的) furnished(陈设、布置) apartments with wall-to-wall carpeting(毛毯,地毡毛毯) and brand-new(全新的、崭新的) dishwashers. Every unit also has a gorgeous(华丽的、好看的) view of the ocean.
J: What's the rent?
L: Six hundred a month and up. But utilities(公用事业,如水、电、气等) are excluded. And there's a heated pool in the back.
J: Can I take a look?
L: Sure. Let me get the key.

(2) M=Mark  L=Landlady
M: Are they furnished? 有家具吗
L: No, they are unfurnished.
M: What is the rent?
L: Four hundred fifty dollars a month, plus utilities. 水电费另计
M: When can we move in?
L: Anytime.
M: All right. We'll move in tomorrow.
L: Good. I'll drew up(草拟) the lease.

(3)
T=Teresa 特丽莎 L=Landlady
T: I'm looking for a furnished apartment. Do you have any available?
L: Yes, we do. How large an apartment would you like?
T: I only need a couple of rooms.
L: We have a 2-room apartment that rents $950 a month, including utilities.
T: What floor is the apartment on?
L: On the fifth floor.
T: Is there an elevator?
L: Yes. It's a self-service elevator and operates twenty-four hours a day.
T: Will you show us the apartment?
L: Certainly.

2. 为了节约在路上的时间要搬家
A: I'm looking for an apartment.
B: An apartment? Why? Where are you living now?
A: You know I'm living in the suburbs. It is a long trip to work everyday. I am trying to find a place near the office.
B: Apartments in the city are very expensive.
A: Yes, but I have to fine on because I am going to need more time in the city. I have enrolled in a night course (enroll in a course 注册学习一门课程;入学上课) in business administration(工商管理) at Cambridge University.

3. 发愁找不到房子时向朋友求助
A: I am looking for an apartment.
B: Have you checked the "For Rent" ads in the newspapers?
A: That's a good idea. Thanks.
B: This city has a special paper that lists only rentals(出租的公寓、房子).
A: I'll go to the news-stand(报摊、杂志摊) now and pick one up.
B: I'll go with you. Maybe I can help.

4. 去看要租的房子
J=Jason L=Landlord
J: Hello. I am here to see the apartment you advertised.
L" OK. Nice to see you. The apartment is on the fourth floor. The previous tenant(承租人、房客) just moved out tow days ago, so I haven't cleaned it up yet. Please ignore the mess(脏乱、混乱). I will have it ready for occupancy (ready for occupancy 准备好供人居住) within the week.
J: It doesn't matter. Don't hurry. My lease in my present place won't expire until the end of the month.
L: Come in, please. Here we are. Apartment 405. this is the living room, here's the kitchen. It is small, but fully equipped. The refrigerator is new, and the stove and the microwave oven are less than a year old.
J: It's nice. So this is the bedroom, and there is a walk-in closet(宽敞的大壁橱).
L: Yes. There is central air conditioning and heating.
J: Well, it is really good. When is the rent due? And how much security deposit do you require?
L: The rent is due to no later than the tenth of the month and I ask that you leave a month's rent as a deposit. It will returned to you at the end of your lease.
J: Good. I like the apartment. You can show me the lease.

5.  入住房屋和交纳押金
A=Landlord B=Lodger 住客;寄宿者
A: When do you want to move in?
B: Today. If it is all right with you.
A: I need two hundred dollars rent in advance plus a fifty-dollars breakage deposit, please (预付200元租金外加50元损毁押金). You get the deposit back when you move out.
B: All right. See you later.

6. 和朋友谈论刚租的房子
A: Did you sign a lease for your apartment?
B: No, I was told I didn't have to. But I paid a deposit.
A: The deposit is usually refundable(可退还的,可偿还的).
B: Yes. That's what the manager said. He said I would get it back when I leave.
A: How do you like your place?
B: I am happy with it. It has got all the modern conveniences(便利设施). It's in a safe neighborhood. And it's not so expensive as I thought.

三. Practical Expressions
1. 租房前询问供出租房子的相关事宜
  i. What kinds of apartment do you have to rent?
     We have one, two, and three-bedroom apartments.
  ii. Do you have to sign a lease for an apartment?
      Yes. You can choose a six-month or one-year lease.
  iii. Do you require a security deposit?
       Yes, we require a month's rent as a security deposit.
  iv. Is the apartment in a safe neighborhood?
      You bet(当然,的确). It's one of the safest areas in town.

2. 描述供出租的房子
  i. The three-story house rests for only $500 a month.
  ii. The house is fully furnished and the $650 rent includes all utilities.
  iii. The present occupant is looking for three males to share the four-bedroom house.
  iv. The apartment for rent is on 5th Road, only 20 minutes drive from your company.
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发表于 2016-2-11 05:02:08 | 显示全部楼层

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我们中国人都是可伶虫 求上帝帮忙
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发表于 2016-6-3 07:38:29 | 显示全部楼层
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发表于 2016-7-21 11:06:29 | 显示全部楼层
非常感谢 很有用处
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发表于 2016-9-20 02:06:38 | 显示全部楼层
台  灣  現  約  妹  +  l  i  n  e : s  h  9  6  9  6  1    可 看 照    見 本 人 滿 意 現 金 交 易    不  滿 意 可 退 換 ~
台  灣  現  約  妹  +  l  i  n  e : s  h  9  6  9  6  1    可 看 照    見 本 人 滿 意 現 金 交 易    不  滿 意 可 退 換 ~
台  灣  現  約  妹  +  l  i  n  e : s  h  9  6  9  6  1    可 看 照    見 本 人 滿 意 現 金 交 易    不  滿 意 可 退 換 ~
台  灣  現  約  妹  +  l  i  n  e : s  h  9  6  9  6  1    可 看 照    見 本 人 滿 意 現 金 交 易    不  滿 意 可 退 換 ~
台  灣  現  約  妹  +  l  i  n  e : s  h  9  6  9  6  1    可 看 照    見 本 人 滿 意 現 金 交 易    不  滿 意 可 退 換 ~
台  灣  現  約  妹  +  l  i  n  e : s  h  9  6  9  6  1    可 看 照    見 本 人 滿 意 現 金 交 易    不  滿 意 可 退 換 ~
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发表于 2016-10-21 05:47:10 | 显示全部楼层
學 生 妹   +  l  i  n  e : g o g o5 8 9【沒有 空格】

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发表于 2016-10-26 07:37:35 | 显示全部楼层
刚来美国磕磕盼盼,做个presentation都结结巴巴的。后来住寄宿家庭,和寄宿爸爸妈妈的日常交流,现在说英语都自信多了哈哈,海量寄宿家庭自选平台美寄宿。点开看~
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